White Slaves… Black Slaves… Freedom

BlackPansyKindleCoverThousands of slaves became fugitives after the Civil War broke out in 1861. They went north where they hoped to find shelter under the protection of the Union Army. Out of a Southern population of nine million, there were three-and-a-half million slaves. Even though there was a Fugitive Slave Law in place, requiring free states to return slaves to their “masters,” it was not always enforced by the Northerners. Eventually, Congress defined fugitive slaves as free and that brought thousands of fresh black troops to fight within Yankee regiments.

Butterfly BLUE VIOLET Front Cover

In Canada, decades before the Civil War, white servants of European descent were so abundant, lower than average income families had at least one, most likely a woman who too often found herself, like her black counterparts, a victim of her employer’s sexual advances. But during the Civil War, laws regarding servitude had changed and Canada was an important safe haven for fugitive slaves.

Suellen Ocean is the author of the series, Civil War Era Romances. Available here:

Book One, Black Pansy: http://www.amazon.com/Black-Pansy-Suellen-Ocean/dp/1484900278

Book Two, Blue Violet: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B018ZWX0R4


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Suellen Ocean

With a Bachelor of Arts degree from Sonoma State University, Suellen Ocean does her writing from the hills of Northern California. She began writing professionally for print and radio broadcasting in the late 1980's. Her first self-published book led to her becoming "officially" published, when in 1998 she was asked to participate in the anthology, "The Simple Life" through Berkley Books, New York. She is the author of sixteen books on diverse subjects.

One thought on “White Slaves… Black Slaves… Freedom”

  1. Setting up a wedge between black and white indentured servants was done intentionally and legally during the starting in the late 1600s. Wealthy land owners were threatened by having so many poor servants who they felt would eventually overtake them. Until that time, these poor mostly indentured interacted and inter- married freely. But eventually laws were inacted taking away what little rights black had and gave poor whites a more elite status. Slavery of course meant most blacks had no rights. But prior to its rose in popularity, indentured servants did have some rights and could eventually work of their debts after a specified time in servitude. You can see remnants of this present too after the emancipation proclamation when poor whites felt threatened by poor blacks seeking jobs after the civil war. Thanks for sharing!


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