Using Gedmatch to Find Answers to Your Rh-Negative Blood Type

Those of us who have Rh-negative blood type are extremely curious. Our minds swirl with family conspiracies that could have given us this uncommon classification. Our research leads immediately to the Basque or to the ancient Iranian Jews and even to UFOs and aliens from other planets. Seriously, if you haven’t seen the alien articles, you’re not one of us.

Lately, I’ve been playing around with the genealogy DNA matching site called Gedmatch. They have entries for a lot of the population groups that have high percentages of Rh-negative like the Basque and the Berbers. It will take years to understand the half of these colorful pie charts and what they represent, nor do I know how accurate they are. But science is science and when I read that clones of ancients were used to help form clusters, that sounds interesting. Thank you, archaeologists.

Some of us with Rh-negative blood type are a little suspicious. Inheriting this blood type doesn’t necessitate a conspiracy. It does though, require that we dig deep into our genetic origins. The  Admixture/Oracle Population Search Utility on the Gedmatch site does just that.

Suellen Ocean is the author of Secret GenealogyA How-to for Tracing Ancient Jewish Ancestry, Secret Genealogy IIUncovering the Jewish Roots of Our Christian Ancestors, Secret Genealogy III From Jewish Anglo-Saxon Tribes to New France Acadians, Secret Genealogy IV – Native Americans Hidden in Our Family Trees, Secret Genealogy V– Black, White and Hamite; Ancestors of Color in Our Family Trees and Secret Genealogy VI – Freemasons, Jewish Conquistadors and the Holy Family, Secret Genealogy VII – DNA, Jumping Into the Gene Pool. A High Tech Gathering of the Tribes, Available here:

Secret Genealogy:  http://www.amazon.com/dp/0965114082

Secret Genealogy II:  http://www.amazon.com/dp/1484053222

Secret Genealogy III:  http://www.amazon.com/dp/148407579X

Secret Genealogy IV:  http://www.amazon.com/dp/1500756105

Secret Genealogy V: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01HJ622DU

Secret Genealogy VI: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01MY35VCP

Secret Genealogy VII:  https://www.amazon.com/dp/B078X5F7YP

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What does Hispanic Mean? What Does Latino Mean?

I have a California friend, of Mexican descent, who scoffed when she heard a reporter use the word Hispanic. “That’s what they use,” she said. “We like to be called Latino.” When a Nevada friend of mine used the word Hispanic, I warned her that I’d been told, “that Hispanic was offensive. It’s Latino.” My friend asked around and came back and said, “In Western Nevada, Hispanic is proper.”

So I pulled out my old dictionary from 1941 to see what it says about Hispanic and found that back then, Webster’s said that it’s an adjective and means, “Spanish.” Above the entry is Hispania. It’s a noun, it’s Latin and it refers to: “An ancient country comprising modern Spain and Portugal; now, Poetic, Spain.

What does Webster say today, 2019, that Hispanic means? They say it’s still an adjective and it means, “of, relating to, or being a person of Latin American descent and especially of Cuban, Mexican, or Puerto Rican origin living in the U.S.” It also means, “of or relating to the people, speech, or culture of Spain.” Webster’s 2019 definition of Hispania is quite simply: “Iberian Peninsula.”

Let’s look at Webster’s 2019 version of Latino. “A native or inhabitant of Latin America.” And “a person of Latin American origin living in the U.S.”

How did Webster define Latino in 1941? The word isn’t even listed. The closest that I can come is Latin. It’s a rather long entry so, I’ll paraphrase. “Of or pertaining to… the Latins… Romans… Latin Church.” Also, “Designating the peoples (French, Italian, Spanish, etc.) or countries whose languages and culture are descended from the Latin.” Also, “One of the people of ancient Latium or Rome.”

See how fluid ancestry and history is? We can go all the way back to ancient Latium and Rome. And don’t forget Iberia. Lots of us Iberians around, now that we’ve had our DNA tested. As genealogists, we don’t try to define ourselves. We try to define our ancestry. Latino… Hispanic… I like them both. Suellen Ocean is the author of Secret Genealogy VI – Freemasons, Jewish Conquistadors and the Holy Family. Available here: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01MY35VCP

Genealogy… Trying to Prove Native American Ancestry? Here’s a Clue

After England took North America from French control, the British wanted to establish new rules. In 1763, they thought it wise to separate the Indians from the colonists. They thought it necessary to draw up boundary lines. The problem was, the land the British wanted for the colonists was the Indians’ ancestral land. Their homeland. The British had taken control of the whole east coast, from Nova Scotia to West Florida. This is where you’ll find many of your colonial ancestors if they were in North America in 1763. When the Indians returned to their homeland, where the colonists were, the military descended upon them. However, when the tables were turned and the colonists encroached upon the new Indian Country, they got away with it. The whole thing was a bad deal for the Indians. When the colonists rebelled against the British and the Revolutionary War ensued, the majority of the Indians stood with the British against the colonists. They saw the rebel colonists as the enemy. If you’ve ever wondered why your ancestors sided with the British, it might be because they were early Native Americans. Suellen Ocean is the author of Secret Genealogy IV – Native Americans Hidden in Our Family Trees. Available here: http://www.amazon.com/dp/1500756105

Genealogy… The Four Groups of Vikings. Don’t You Wish

My old encyclopedia says that the Scandinavian sea rovers of the 700s can be placed into four groups. Don’t think that makes it any easier. They’ve already lost me when they say that the first two groups are the Swedes and Goths. When I hear Goth, I think Germanic, which is further south of Scandinavia. Don’t the scholars who write encyclopedia entries know that our brains spin with too much information? Now we’ve got to look up Goth. But before we go sideways on Goth, what are the other two groups of Viking/Northmen? The third group is the Danes from Jutland and Schleswig. The last group is the Norsemen from Norway. Norsemen means the same as Northmen and means men from the north. Ok, alright, we’re following along. But wait… the encyclopedia now says, “… both Danes and Norsemen were names sometimes applied to the whole.”

There you go. They’ve given us an out. We can correctly refer to our Scandinavian-Viking-Swede-Goth-Norwegian ancestors as Danes. Or Norsemen. Thank you. I might do just that. Suellen Ocean is the author of Secret Genealogy IIUncovering the Jewish Roots of Our Christian Ancestors, and Secret Genealogy III From Jewish Anglo-Saxon Tribes to New France Acadians. Available here:

Secret Genealogy II:  http://www.amazon.com//dp/1484053222

Secret Genealogy III: http://www.amazon.com/dp/148407579X

Genealogy… Finding Our Viking Ancestry, the Northmen. Or is it Scandinavian?

If there’s anything that confuses and or trips us up in our genealogical research, labeling has got to be right up there in annoyance. If we can’t communicate with other genealogists about what group of ancestors we’re talking about, we’re failing to communicate at all. Sure, we may nod our head for fear of acknowledging our ignorance, then go home and google it. Don’t be shy, if someone uses a term that you’re unsure of, swallow your pride and ask for clarification. (And realize they may be using the wrong term.)

The term Scandinavian confuses me. I get mixed up. There’s Danish, Norwegian and Scandinavian. Who? What? And what about Finland? And Viking? What’s that exactly? And since we’re asking, what’s Anglo-Saxon? Sometimes our brain hurts trying to accurately piece together the trails of our ancestors. Good luck with those Vikings. They spread their DNA far and wide. Viking invaders descended upon Europe. The Northmen, they called them. We have to include them among the populations of Ireland and Scotland. (Don’t forget Iceland. And Greenland. God forbid if you get them mixed up.) And don’t exclude the Russians. They’ve got a hearty infusion of Scandinavian blood, they’re so geographically close. And don’t forget about Lebanon, where the blue-eyed men of the sea took their longboats into the Middle East, eons ago. If it’s at this point, you throw your hands up and surrender, I don’t blame you. Didn’t anybody sit still? Suellen Ocean is the author of Secret Genealogy IIUncovering the Jewish Roots of Our Christian Ancestors, and Secret Genealogy III From Jewish Anglo-Saxon Tribes to New France Acadians. Available here:

Secret Genealogy II:  http://www.amazon.com//dp/1484053222

Secret Genealogy III: http://www.amazon.com/dp/148407579X

Genealogy… Native American Ancestors from Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan and Wisconsin

To understand our ancestry from Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan or Wisconsin, it’s important to understand the history of the area. Before there were states, there was what was called the Northwest Territory. (Not to be confused with Canada’s Northwest Territories.)

I don’t know about you, but if I’ve never been to a state, the first thing that pops into my mind when that state is mentioned, is an image of that state on a US map. That’s the opposite of what we should see if we’re trying to understand the paths our Native ancestors took.

Five states were created when the Northwest Territory was carved up. Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan and Wisconsin. The region before the carving was located between the Allegheny Mountains and the Mississippi River. North of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River. It’s confusing when our ancestors lived in the Northwest Territory. And before 1787, they did. That’s the date that the region was divided into the five states. And with that area so close to Canadian territory, it might not be correct to call them Native Americans. They were Native people from a Native land. A land and a world far removed from who and what we are today. Suellen Ocean is the author of Secret Genealogy IV – Native Americans Hidden in Our Family Trees. Available here: http://www.amazon.com/dp/1500756105

Illinois Ancestry? Looking for the Tribe of Your Ancestors

Have you been told that you have Native American ancestry? Are your ancestors from Illinois? The Illinois Indians are all but gone but perhaps their DNA lives within you.

The Illinois Indians were not just one tribe but many who lived along the Illinois River. The main tribe was the Illiniwek, from which the state is named. History tells us they were “subdued” by the Iroquois in the 1500s. With this being the case, we might look to the Iroquois for clues.

The Illinois spoke Algonquin and although they cultivated crops, their lifestyle consisted of bison and deer hunting on the plains. As for the Iroquois, they tended to live communally in longhouses. The Algonquins made use of longhouses as administerial buildings but liked to live in wigwams.

In Northeastern Illinois, two rivers meet and form the Illinois River. The Kankakee and Des Plaines. By the mid-1770s, Kankakee County, Illinois was dominated by the Pottawatomi Indians. It was to Kankakee county that immigrating French-Canadians migrated from Quebec about 1834. Many were Metis (Native people who inter-married with the French). Sometimes these Metis Anglicized their names. Therrien became Taylor, Chartier became Carter or Sharkey. To study the history of Illinois is to study the history of the Northwest Territory. Genealogists will find all the different Native tribes a challenge. Leave it to us to take it on. Suellen Ocean is the author of Secret Genealogy IV – Native Americans Hidden in Our Family Trees. Available here: http://www.amazon.com/dp/1500756105