They Might Be Indians But They Are to be Treated as Runaway Slaves…

During the early 1800’s, when Andrew Jackson (the Indians called him Sharp Knife) worked his way into the presidency, he worked on relocating the Seminole Indians from Florida. The end game was the removal of all Seminole Indians from Florida. They were to exchange their land for land in the west. They were offered money, blankets for the men and frocks for the women. Woe to any Seminole who had an African ancestor. They were to be treated as runaway slaves. It did not matter if the taking of a mother or father, tore the family apart. Like the one-drop rule in other states, the white colonial relocators believed that anyone with any black ancestry should be enslaved.

Eventually, after several “Seminole Wars,” there were Seminoles who emigrated west as requested. They took cash and offered peace. But for many years the Florida Seminoles fought successfully. While the men fought the military, the women and children found refuge in the thick Florida jungles. Today, the descendants of the Seminole who resisted, can still be found in Florida, especially in the Florida Everglades.

Suellen Ocean is the author of the series, Civil War Era Romances. Available here:

Book One, Black Pansy:

Book Two, Blue Violet:

Book Three, Black Lilac:

Book Four, Ellie:

Book Five, Rose Thorn:

Book Six, Mississippi Wild Blue:

Book Seven, Dandelion Lane:


Genealogy: What Were Your North Carolina Ancestors Worth? 10 Pounds Sterling?

If we’re lucky, we will run across a will belonging to our ancestors. If it was three-hundred-and-fifty years ago, it may have consisted of silver candlesticks, beeswax, a wooden cupboard and a cow. That was their net worth. History reveals other wills, listing the names of slaves who were passed on to living family members as if they were livestock. They had no net worth for they had no freedom. And then there were the 400 Tuscarora Indians of North Carolina, taken prisoner by Colonel James Moore after he attacked them during the Tuscarora War, one of the many battles during the French and Indian Wars. Colonel Moore sold them into slavery for 10 pounds sterling each. Within the tribe of the Tuscarora were other small tribes, including the Coree. The Indians not captured, escaped to the north and lived among the Iroquois who labeled them the Sixth Nation.

Suellen Ocean is the author of Secret Genealogy IV – Native Americans Hidden in Our Family Trees and Secret Genealogy V– Black, White and Hamite; Ancestors of Color in Our Family Trees. Available here:

Secret Genealogy IV:

Secret Genealogy V:

Black Like Me

Black PansyYears ago there was a white author who darkened his face and went into the world to see if he would be treated differently. He was and he wrote a book about it, “Black Like Me.” A white person can never really know what obstacles African Americans have overcome in the decades post Civil War, but they can read about it. And often the books are free, either in the library or as an Amazon free Kindle classic. In the Kindle search field, type “free history books.” Two of my favorites are, “Up From Slavery: An Autobiography,” by Booker T. Washington and “The Underground Railroad,” by William Still.BLOG Size FRONT Canva Cover Secret Genealogy V

My father was from the Old South. When I was a child, he told me stories about his experiences and friendships with African Americans.  As an adult, somehow I stumbled onto writing romances with ethnic conflicts. I’ve read about the history of the “Negro Church,” and the above two mentioned books, and have immersed myself in research on ancient slavery and black genealogy. Sometimes when I pull my head out of one of these books, I have a sense of what it feels like to have been persecuted and oppressed because of the color of my skin and I am impressed with the fortitude and optimism that African Americans have shown, considering the obstacles that were put upon them.

Suellen Ocean is the author of the Civil War Era Historic Romance, Black Pansy:

and Secret Genealogy V- Black, White and Hamite; Ancestors of Color in Our Family Trees: