Civil War History… America’s Rotten Wooden Ships

Black PansyI grew up in the post-World War II era. In the San Francisco Bay Area, there was a large docked fleet of steel ships. They called it the moth ball fleet. I think it’s still there. There have been suggestions about what to do with it, but to my knowledge, those ships are still docked.Canva Blue Violet Cover

Just like during World War II, during the Civil War, America had plenty of ships. It was quite an armada but after that bloody war and all those lives lost, Americans longed for peace and ignored our Navy. The thinking was that no other country would invade the United States, so the flotilla rotted away. Thankfully, Americans came to their senses and every few years, Congress allocated funds for more ships.

New Cover Black LilacAs much as we hate war, it’s a necessity to protect our country. But it is heartening to me to understand that Americans were so sick of war that instead of fighting, they were rebuilding America.

Suellen Ocean is the author of the series, Civil War Era Romances. Available here:

Book One, Black Pansy: http://www.amazon.com/dp/1484900278

Book Two, Blue Violet: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B018ZWX0R4

Book Three, Black Lilac: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01EKJMTKA

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Do You Believe in Anima Mundi?

Black PansyAnima Mundi means soul of the world. It is the belief that there is one ethereal, organizing soul, acting upon all of the universe. Those who believe it, believe that the one soul of the world controls the universe, similar to how the mind controls the human body. Anima Mundi is similar to a form of pantheism, (the belief that the universe taken or conceived of as a whole, is God). Soul of the universe philosophy is frequently used by those accepting that doctrine as well.Canva Blue Violet Cover

There are many people who do not think of themselves as religious yet they are quite spiritual. They tell people that they are atheists, leaving religious adherents aghast. But religious advocates should not be quick to judge them as nonbelievers. In reality, most of them probably do believe. Very much so. They believe in the awe and beauty of life. They believe there is something out there, they just don’t know what it is and they don’t believe in pledging allegiance to it.

New Cover Black LilacSuellen Ocean is the author of the series, Civil War Era Romances. Available here:

Book One, Black Pansy: http://www.amazon.com/dp/1484900278

Book Two, Blue Violet: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B018ZWX0R4

Book Three, Black Lilac: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01EKJMTKA

Don’t Feel Bad… They Didn’t Like Catholics or Jews Either

Black PansyThe Ku-Klux-Klan was a secret political organization in the Southern United States that gained momentum during Reconstruction, after the Civil War. The group’s main mission was the establishment of white power. One thing the group made clear was that they did not want freed blacks to have any power. Due to bureaucratic red tape, some of the white Southerners were unable to vote after the war, while freed blacks were not only able to vote but were given positions in the government. Obviously, this freaked out the white status quo who went from dominating the blacks to watching them take jobs in the newly formed post-war administration.

Canva Blue Violet CoverAcceptance into the group was only open to white Protestants who were born in America. Today the Ku-Klux-Klan has morphed into other organizations but lately, refugee problems in Europe and fears of terrorism in the United States has brought white supremacy groups back into the news.

Front Cover Black LilacSuellen Ocean is the author of the series, Civil War Era Romances. Available here:

Book One, Black Pansy: http://www.amazon.com/dp/1484900278

Book Two, Blue Violet: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B018ZWX0R4

Book Three, Black Lilac: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B01EKJMTKA

Mixed-Race Love Affairs Throughout History…

BlackPansyKindleCoverI’m an author and a blogger. I write about a wide variety of issues and many of the historical things I write about are not pleasant but that does not make me shy away. But there’s one issue that I keep avoiding. I think it’s because I can’t believe it. After the Civil War, Mississippi accepted that former slaves lived together and had families. The children became legitimate and the marriages became legal. That must have brought relief. But at the same time, Mississippi condemned mixed-race marriage partners to… life in prison. Life in prison? Because two people love each other and they don’t happen to have the same skin color? Are you kidding me? Wow. That was only a-hundred-and-fifty-years ago. Life in prison? Unbelievable. There must be more to it.

What’s interesting is that during the middle ages in Spain, mixed race marriages were no big deal. It was not uncommon for affluent women to take black lovers. On the other hand, back in 1724 when the French were in charge of the Louisiana territory, which Mississippi was a part of, they too forbade mixed race marriages and cohabitation. The French said, “We forbid our white subjects, of both sexes, to marry with the blacks…” When white masters took advantage of their female slaves the master was fined and deprived of the slave and the children but the slave who was forced into the relationship and the children arising from it were “… forever incapable of being set free.”

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Millions of people, black and white, live in America today and their DNA tells us unequivocally that the Louisiana Code Noir, the Slave Code, did not stop people from inter-racial relationships. Nor did the harsh penalty of life in prison after the Civil War. And let’s be clear. There were plenty of instances of deep love that crossed the color lines. Here is one of those I ran across in my research:

Peter, 27, stout fellow. The negro lived with Stephen Townsend of Charlestown, South Carolina that near 2 years ago married Mr. Townsend’s daughter when his master gave him to her.

Suellen Ocean is the author of the series, Civil War Era Romances. Available here:

Book One, Black Pansy: http://www.amazon.com/Black-Pansy-Suellen-Ocean/dp/1484900278

Book Two, Blue Violet: http://www.amazon.com/dp/B018ZWX0R4

The South After the Civil War

The Civil War took a terrible toll on the southern people. With the help of enslaved Africans, the south built homes and a large agricultural industry that ended with the Civil War and in the deaths of thousands of Confederate and Union soldiers. The war lasted from 1860-1865, but the pace of reconstruction was slow. Today you’ll find that people of black and white ethnicity peacefully populate the south. This mix of ethnicities provides for cultural diversity in food, music, literature and festivities. The south has maintained much of its original French culture and Texas, Louisiana and Florida still maintain strong Latin cultures. Suellen Ocean is the author of the Civil War Era Historic Romance, Black Pansy.

Available Here:

http://www.amazon.com/Black-Pansy-Suellen-Ocean/dp/1484900278

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

http://smashwords.com/b/313643

eBook at Barnes & Noble:

http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/black-pansy-suellen-ocean/1115251569?ean=2940016438160

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History: Not Easy Being Abraham Lincoln’s Wife

Abraham Lincoln did not win the presidency because he got a lot of votes, he won because the votes were spread thinly among many candidates and he happened to garner the most. Many in Lincoln’s own political party hated him, fearing the direction he would take the country. His wife Mary didn’t have it any easier. At a time when north and south were developing deep divides, Mary’s southern roots were not appreciated, to the point of being accused of spying. Those in the more developed eastern region of America saw her as a greenhorn from the west, while people in the new developing states, thought she was too aristocratic for their tastes. And though Mary had her roots in the south, southerners saw her as the enemy. It seems for Mary Todd Lincoln, the American people were very hard to please.  Suellen Ocean is the author of the Civil War Era Historic Romance, Black Pansy.  Available Here:

http://www.amazon.com/Black-Pansy-Suellen-Ocean/dp/1484900278

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

http://smashwords.com/b/313643

eBook at Barnes & Noble:

http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/black-pansy-suellen-ocean/1115251569?ean=2940016438160

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