The Fleur-de-Lis Found in Ancient Egypt

The image of the ancient symbol, the fleur-de-lis, conjures thoughts of ancient conspiracies and hidden secrets known only to a select few (nobility and those involved with them). It is now the symbol for France (and all things French and/or Acadian including the New Orleans Saints football team) because it was the symbol of the royal houses of France, dating back to the descendants of Charlemagne, the Carlovingian kings. Anglo-Saxon kings used it as well. The fleur-de-lis was an iconic symbol long before European monarchs were being established. It is found among Egyptian hieroglyphics. From t-shirts to tattoos, the fleur-de-lis arouses emotion and attitude. In colonial America during the 1700’s, the symbol was branded onto the shoulder of slaves who ran away for longer than a month. The punishment for running away again was another fleur-de-lis on the other shoulder. A third time and the slave lost an arm. In this instance, it probably became a symbol of resistance and rebellion, those sentiments no doubt exist today. Another example of using the fleur-de-lis as a strong symbol is the author Dan Brown and his book and movie, “The Da Vinci Code.”

Suellen Ocean is the author of the Civil War Era Historic Romance, Black Pansy.

Available Here:  http://www.amazon.com/Black-Pansy-Suellen-Ocean/dp/1484900278

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Black & White Civil War Era Romances… Was it Love?

Black PansyI believe it was William Somerset Maugham who wrote in one of his novels that we love someone because they bring us pleasure. That philosophy offers up possibilities besides the usual heart-thumping emotions we call love. If pleasure equals love, options could include loving someone for their wealth, their sexuality, their prestige, power, beauty… you name it. And who are we to judge?

Canva Blue Violet CoverThere are plenty of historical records of black women cohabiting with white men and white women with black men. But I find myself asking… did blacks and whites during the Civil War Era truly love their partner of a different skin color? With the lack of freedom for blacks you really do have to ask. Was this relationship I see on paper, good old-fashioned love? The kind that makes your heart go… thump, thump, thump? Or was it coercion, comfort, security or freedom that the relationship provided?Front Cover Black Lilac

After the war ended, Mississippi was so concerned that blacks and whites would have relationships, they stiffened the penalty to life in prison. But the historical records reveal that during the most dangerous times, mixed couples risked it all to be with the ones they loved.

Suellen Ocean is the author of many books on diverse topics. Her books are available here: http://www.amazon.com/Suellen-Ocean/e/B001KC7Z78