What Does Anglican Mean?

Although England and English start with an “e,” an Anglican derives from the Latin word Angli, referring to one of the Germanic tribes who conquered England in the 5th century A.D. Anglican is used for that which pertains to England, especially to the Church of England. It’s counterpart in the United States is called the Protestant Episcopal Church, both having similar beliefs, together they are called the Anglican Communion.  Suellen Ocean is the author of the historical series, The Lion’s Trace Available here:

The Lies of the Lion (Book 1)

http://www.amazon.com/Lies-Lion-Lions-Trace/dp/0965114074

The Guild (Book 2)

http://www.amazon.com/Guild-Hesters-Goodwill-Lions-Trace/dp/1484916697

The Last Quadroon (Book 3)

http://www.amazon.com/Last-Quadroon-Lions-Trace-Volume/dp/149283999X

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What Does Anglo-French Mean?

Anglo-French is an “Old French” word used to designate that which pertains to England and France as they are joined together. It’s like Native-American or African-American and came in use after 1066 when William the Conqueror invaded England. William was from Northern France. By this time the Angli (German Tribes) had invaded England so they were the Anglo. William brought the French aspect, when he invaded in 1066, even though his ancestry was originally from the North but had populated Northern France, married French women and adopted their culture, which was what the Viking invaders from the north commonly did.  Suellen Ocean is the author of the historic novel The Celtic Prince Available here:

http://www.amazon.com/Celtic-Prince-Before-After/dp/1484086392

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

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eBook through Barnes & Noble:

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Beatle Mania… We Have A History With Loving All Things English

It’s interesting that Beatle mania was used to describe the lads from England when they broke into the hearts of North Americans. There is an expression for an excessive fondness for English styles, music, customs, etc.; it’s called “Anglo-mania.” Isn’t there another expression called the “Beatles Invasion” or the “English Invasion” referring to the music of the 1960’s that poured out of England? Whatever the case, the United States has a long history with England, for some she was the original “Mother Country” but for those whose ancestors came to America before the English, and were forced to abandon their own language and customs, they may have suffered from Anglo-phobia, which is an intense dread of or aversion to all things English. In the hills of Kentucky, the memory of their ancestors is strong. Before it was New York, it belonged to their Dutch ancestors and was called New Amsterdam. These folks did not want their children to be speaking English and acquire English customs, so they headed over the Appalachian Trail. We know who won that battle. When was the last time you heard someone speaking Dutch?  Suellen Ocean is the author of the historical series, The Lion’s Trace Available here:

The Lies of the Lion (Book 1)

http://www.amazon.com/Lies-Lion-Lions-Trace/dp/0965114074

The Guild (Book 2)

http://www.amazon.com/Guild-Hesters-Goodwill-Lions-Trace/dp/1484916697

The Last Quadroon (Book 3)

http://www.amazon.com/Last-Quadroon-Lions-Trace-Volume/dp/149283999X

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

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The Lies ot he Lion  NewCoverTheGuild  TheLastQuadroonFrontCover

Olde England: What Does Chivalry Mean?

Chivalry comes from the French word for horse, “cheval.” Knights who rode on horseback were expected to be courageous in battle, loyal to their lord and a gentleman to the ladies. Chivalry came about after an era of brutal wars. Europeans had begun to expect more of each other and were tired of the violence. A knight had quite a few morals that he was expected to live up to and his training often began at the tender young age of twelve. A young knight’s training included the correct use of weapons, riding a horse in battle, learning manners and participating in cultural pursuits like singing and learning the latest games. Before becoming a knight, the young man would carry the shield, helmet and lances of his lord. The young man was now a squire. “Escuyer” is a French word that means shield bearer.  Suellen Ocean is the author of the historic novel The Celtic Prince Available here:

http://www.amazon.com/Celtic-Prince-Before-After/dp/1484086392

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

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eBook through Barnes & Noble:

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Olde England: What Kept M’Lady of the Castle Busy?

The lady of the castle was a general manager of sorts. She supervised the growing of food in the castle orchard and garden, oversaw the cooking, the spinning and dying of wool and the sewing of clothes for her family and servants. M’Lady also had the responsibility for seeing that the sick were cared for.  Suellen Ocean is the author of the historical series, The Lion’s Trace Available here:

The Lies of the Lion (Book 1)

http://www.amazon.com/Lies-Lion-Lions-Trace/dp/0965114074

The Guild (Book 2)

http://www.amazon.com/Guild-Hesters-Goodwill-Lions-Trace/dp/1484916697

The Last Quadroon (Book 3)

http://www.amazon.com/Last-Quadroon-Lions-Trace-Volume/dp/149283999X

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

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The Lies ot he Lion  NewCoverTheGuild  TheLastQuadroonFrontCover

What Does Feudalism Mean?

Feudalism was practiced throughout medieval Europe. The word derives from a German word “fihu” which means property. It was usually land that was referred to when practicing feudalism. This exchange of land for favors or services was the central premise behind feudalism. Two titles associated with feudalism: lord and vassal. The vassal was the guy accepting the lands and he was expected to be faithful to the lord. The lord would often have many vassals protecting his property from invaders. In exchange, the vassals, as a part of a large group of men serving the same lord, were protected by the lord’s power as a land baron. Some feudal lords held estates that were the envy of kings.  Suellen Ocean is the author of the historical series, The Lion’s Trace Available here:

The Lies of the Lion (Book 1)

http://www.amazon.com/Lies-Lion-Lions-Trace/dp/0965114074

The Guild (Book 2)

http://www.amazon.com/Guild-Hesters-Goodwill-Lions-Trace/dp/1484916697

The Last Quadroon (Book 3)

http://www.amazon.com/Last-Quadroon-Lions-Trace-Volume/dp/149283999X

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What Does Church of England Mean?

Without going into King Henry VIII’s desire to have his marriage annulled, which the Pope would not consent to, we’ll skip to the political maneuvering the jolly king did to get his way. The king cut off English tithes to the Pope and ruled that church disputes would be taken up in England’s courts not in Rome. New laws ruled that King Henry VIII (not the Pope) would choose England’s bishops and the Pope would no longer be head of England’s Church. The king would fill the supreme position. Today, what was formerly England’s Catholic Church is the Church of England. The English people were more than happy to have their churches fall out of power of foreign rule.

Suellen Ocean is the author of Secret Genealogy III From Jewish Anglo-Saxon Tribes to New France Acadians. Available here:

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Secret Genealogy III:  https://www.createspace.com/4239009

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