The First Stock Exchange

Back in the 1500s the Dutch had the VOC – Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (United East India Company). I believe this was the first stock “exchange”. Investors would get together, and commission ships to voyage and bring back spices, cloth, herring, wheat, etc. The VOC was where you went to purchase your “share” in it. If pirates didn’t get your ship or storms didn’t ruin your wheat, you made a profit. This built the great Golden era of Amsterdam.

And what about Wall Street? This street received its name because it was built in 1653 to protect the colonists of New Amsterdam from the Lenape Native Americans and the British.

Suellen Ocean is the author of the historical series, The Lion’s Trace Available here:

The Lies of the Lion (Book 1)

http://www.amazon.com/Lies-Lion-Lions-Trace/dp/0965114074

The Guild (Book 2)

http://www.amazon.com/Guild-Hesters-Goodwill-Lions-Trace/dp/1484916697

The Last Quadroon (Book 3)

http://www.amazon.com/Last-Quadroon-Lions-Trace-Volume/dp/149283999X

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

https://www.smashwords.com/profile/view/ocean

TheLion'sTrace SERIES covers

 

The Princess Held Out And It Worked Out

The princess’s father negotiated several times to marry her off but it never happened. Not before he died. Her father, King Edward IV even arranged for the princess to marry Charles VIII but it never happened. There were many other men as well who contemplated marrying Princess Elizabeth. This princess was the daughter of the widow, who met a young king when he was out hunting. She was the oldest daughter of Elizabeth Woodville and King Edward IV.

Suellen Ocean is the author of the historical series, The Lion’s Trace Available here:

The Lies of the Lion (Book 1)

http://www.amazon.com/Lies-Lion-Lions-Trace/dp/0965114074

The Guild (Book 2)

http://www.amazon.com/Guild-Hesters-Goodwill-Lions-Trace/dp/1484916697

The Last Quadroon (Book 3)

http://www.amazon.com/Last-Quadroon-Lions-Trace-Volume/dp/149283999X

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

https://www.smashwords.com/profile/view/ocean

TheLion'sTrace SERIES covers

 

History: An Anarchist Killed the Queen

Her subjects loved her. She was Elizabeth (1837-1898), Queen of Hungary, Empress of Austria and daughter of the Bavarian King. Elizabeth saw that the etiquette of the Imperial Court was too strict so against the opposition of other Nobles, she tried to change it. Her only son died under “tragic circumstances.” Her sister was killed in a fire at a benefit in Paris. Queen Elizabeth of Hungary was murdered in Geneva, Switzerland when an anarchist from Italy stabbed her to death. She was sixty-one.

Suellen Ocean is the author of the historical series, The Lion’s Trace Available here:

The Lies of the Lion (Book 1)

http://www.amazon.com/Lies-Lion-Lions-Trace/dp/0965114074

The Guild (Book 2)

http://www.amazon.com/Guild-Hesters-Goodwill-Lions-Trace/dp/1484916697

The Last Quadroon (Book 3)

http://www.amazon.com/Last-Quadroon-Lions-Trace-Volume/dp/149283999X

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

https://www.smashwords.com/profile/view/ocean

TheLion'sTrace SERIES covers

 

Who Says Royalty Has It Easy?

Bohemian Queen Elizabeth had thirteen children. Even though she had attendants she still had to give birth thirteen times which can’t be easy even with all that help. Imagine keeping track of that brood? And can you only imagine the drama? No, we don’t have to imagine it these days; the tabloids spell it out for us, much to the cringing of the Royals who lose any semblance of privacy.

Bohemian Queen Elizabeth’s children’s’ uncle was Charles I, whom the Queen’s two sons fought a war for. Her second to the last child was Sophia. Sophia had a child whom she named George, who became King. I’ll call Bohemian Queen Elizabeth’s children, her lucky thirteen, because during the 1600’s many babies did not make it safely into this world. It must have been difficult, perhaps impossible during the Middle Ages for her to keep them safe.

Suellen Ocean is the author of the historical series, The Lion’s Trace Available here:

The Lies of the Lion (Book 1)

http://www.amazon.com/Lies-Lion-Lions-Trace/dp/0965114074

The Guild (Book 2)

http://www.amazon.com/Guild-Hesters-Goodwill-Lions-Trace/dp/1484916697

The Last Quadroon (Book 3)

http://www.amazon.com/Last-Quadroon-Lions-Trace-Volume/dp/149283999X

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

https://www.smashwords.com/profile/view/ocean

TheLion'sTrace SERIES covers

 

The Secret English Royal Marriage

He met her while out hunting. They were married secretly. The year was 1464. The next year she was given the nod as queen and received her crown. What’s interesting about this Queen Elizabeth is that she was the widow of a Sir John Grey when a young king, Edward IV of England, met her while he was out hunting. Their oldest son became Edward V and his daughter, also named Elizabeth, became Henry VII’s queen.

Suellen Ocean is the author of the historical series, The Lion’s Trace Available here:

The Lies of the Lion (Book 1)

http://www.amazon.com/Lies-Lion-Lions-Trace/dp/0965114074

The Guild (Book 2)

http://www.amazon.com/Guild-Hesters-Goodwill-Lions-Trace/dp/1484916697

The Last Quadroon (Book 3)

http://www.amazon.com/Last-Quadroon-Lions-Trace-Volume/dp/149283999X

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

https://www.smashwords.com/profile/view/ocean

TheLion'sTrace SERIES covers

 

The Bohemian Royal Couple

Elizabeth was the oldest daughter of King James I. In 1613, after Elizabeth married Frederick V, this Bohemian couple lived in Frederick’s capital of Heidelberg, Germany. In 1618, Frederick became King of Bohemia. The Thirty Years War began in the same year. In 1619, Elizabeth and Frederick were crowned King and Queen at Prague. But the Bohemian Royal couple had to escape. The Queen made it safely to Holland and became friends with Maurice of Orange. In 1661 Elizabeth went to England, residing in London until her death in 1662 at about the age of sixty-six.

Suellen Ocean is the author of the historical series, The Lion’s Trace Available here:

The Lies of the Lion (Book 1)

http://www.amazon.com/Lies-Lion-Lions-Trace/dp/0965114074

The Guild (Book 2)

http://www.amazon.com/Guild-Hesters-Goodwill-Lions-Trace/dp/1484916697

The Last Quadroon (Book 3)

http://www.amazon.com/Last-Quadroon-Lions-Trace-Volume/dp/149283999X

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

https://www.smashwords.com/profile/view/ocean

TheLion'sTrace SERIES covers

 

What Does Princess Kate Have Over Queen Elizabeth I?

Besides beauty and kindness? Well, over four hundred years. Kate also has a husband whom she loves and whom loves her back. Elizabeth I never married and it wasn’t until she was fifty-years-old that people finally quit speculating about her marrying. Though she toyed with marriage proposals for twenty-five years, including with Nobles from Austria, France and Spain, she never did.

… and Princess Kate’s parents were married when she was conceived. The Roman Catholic Church did not believe that Elizabeth’s parents were. Elizabeth’s father, King Henry VIII

Suellen Ocean is the author of the historical series, The Lion’s Trace Available here:

The Lies of the Lion (Book 1)

http://www.amazon.com/Lies-Lion-Lions-Trace/dp/0965114074

The Guild (Book 2)

http://www.amazon.com/Guild-Hesters-Goodwill-Lions-Trace/dp/1484916697

The Last Quadroon (Book 3)

http://www.amazon.com/Last-Quadroon-Lions-Trace-Volume/dp/149283999X

eBooks and computer downloads available through Smashwords:

https://www.smashwords.com/profile/view/ocean

TheLion'sTrace SERIES covers

married her mother before the court invalidated his former marriage.